The teleological argument argumentative essay examples

According to Hume what “ dangerous consequences” follow from the use of the teleological

Hume is a philosopher who holds a distinct position in the literary world on grounds of his intellectual contribution in the spectrum of philosophy of religion. He in his famous Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, formulates his argument with the analysis that the world in its design is analogical to the human intelligent productions, possibly because of the inherent trait from the creator of human being. Hume in his analysis objects over the faulty analogies that may lead to serious consequences. He highlighted the Fallacy of Composition-erroneous argument from a property of a part of the whole to a property of the whole. In his critique, he pointed over the argument beholding dangerous consequences to religion and morality on the ground of its confusing and deviating attribute. He highlighted the impressions of the dangerous consequences that may lead an individual to confuse on the oneness, perfection, supremacy and infinity of God.

Explain why Paley does not believe that the world is the result of “ the law of nature.”

William Paley was amongst one of the many philosophers who presented their theology on the divine existence. His theology is referred as ‘Paley Watchmaker argument’, which could be regarded as a sophisticated comprehension of the philosophy that supports his stance that the world is not the result of “ the law of nature.” Instead the intricate design of universe depicts the supremacy of its creator. He illustrated his point by using the trait examples of the watch. He highlighted the features of the watch that resembles to that of the Deity. Firstly, the output is considered valuable keeping in view the purpose. Secondly, the precision of the structure with varying size, shape and function of a watch for the ultimate task is what that resembles to a great extent to the Deity. Precisely, his argument makes his evident that  the world is not the result of “ the law of nature” but a reliable indicator of the supremacy of its creator.


Precisely, the analysis comprehends that Paley’s stance is a posterior argument based on empirical evidence. However, the argument of Hume is based on the theology of cause / effect relationship with eventual budge to depict dangerous consequences, as the teleological argument commits the fallacies of faulty analogy and composition that have high chances to lead towards“ dangerous” consequences concerning the being of God.