History of drama

History of Drama

Spanish Period

1. Teabag  “ to excavate”. St. Helena’s search for cross

2. Lagaylay – Pilarenos of Sorsogon get together during Maytime

3. Cenacle – passion, and death of Christ

  • a. Canada – chanted like pasion
  • b. Hablada – a rhythmic measure of words in a deliberate manner

4. Panunuluyan – Mary & Joseph searching for refuge before Christ’s birth – presented before 12mn on Christmas eve

5. Salubong – during the easter (Mary meets risen Christ)

6. Carillo (shadow play) – a form of entertainment performed during a moonless night or a dark night after a harvest

7. Zarzuela – 1st Philippine drama. Musical comedy or melodrama. Has 3 acts of man’s passion & emotion (love, hate, revenge, cruelty, avarice or social/political problems)

8. Senate – short musical comedy (18th century) – exaggerated comedies performed by characters from lower-classfamily(Indio) – theme: taken from everyday life scenarios

American Period

  1. Severino Reyes – father of Tagalog drama – Walang Sugat
  2. Aurelio Tolentino – a Kapampangan dramatist
  3. Luang Tagalog = masterpiece
  4. Kahapon, Ngayon, at Bukas = resulted in his incarceration
  5. Hermogenes Ilagan – from Central Luzon – he founded the group Campana Ilagan Severino Reyes and Hermogenes Ilagan started the movement against the moro-moro (play against Muslims)
  6. Japanese Period
  7. Characterized by stage shows because movie houses were closed

Organization of Filipino players (Dramatic Filipinos)

  1. Jose Ma. Hernandez – Panday Pira
  2. Francisco Soc Rodrigo – Sa Pula so Puti
  3. Clodualdo del Mundo – Bulaga
  4. Julian Cruz Balmaceda
  5. Sino ba Kayo?
  6. Dahil sa Anak
  7. Gigante ng Patay

Period of New Society (Modern) reviving old plays/dramas 1977 – Tales of Manuvu (a new style of rock of the ballad opera) – Performed by Celeste Legaspi, Lea Navarro, Hadji Alejandro, Boy Canara, Anthony Castello & Rey Dizon – choreographed by Attic Reyes Singing Embayoka (CCP) – from Mindanao State University.

Development of play

  1. PETA (Philippine Educational Theater Association) – Cecille Guidote & Lino Brocka
  2. Repertory Philippines – Rebecca Godines & Zenaida Amador
  3. UP Repertory – Behn Cervantes
  4. Teatro Filipino – Rolando Tinio