We cannot imagine our life without internet, it become internal part of our life. Some researcher considered internet to be the greatest innovation of modern’s time. Suppose the facility of internet given to us taken by someone forcibly, then imagine our life without it. In recent development china and iran have restricted the information flow throughout their country, specially china have ban Google-universal search engine and email in its country. Firstly question arises why any country will ban if internet is so useful.
There lots of hidden agenda of the govt that has to be protected, if there is free flow of information is there public start questioning on the procedures of govt work. Internet censorship in China is among the most stringent in the world. The government blocks Web sites that discuss the Dalai Lama, the 1989 crackdown on Tiananmen Square protesters, Falun Gong, the banned spiritual movement, and other Internet sites The government’s computers intercept incoming data and compare it against an ever-changing list of banned keywords or Web sites, screening out even more information.
The motive is often obvious: Since late 2010, the censors have prevented Google searches of the English word “ freedom. ” In March 2011, Google accused the Chinese government of disrupting its Gmail service in the country and making it appear as if technical problems at Google — not government intervention — were to blame. At the same time, several popular virtual private-network services, or V. P. N. s, designed to evade the government’s computerized censors, have been crippled. V. P. N. ’s are popular with China’s huge expatriate community and Chinese entrepreneurs, researchers and scholars who expect to use the Internet freely Few analysts believe that the government will loosen controls any time soon, with events it considers politically sensitive swamping the calendar, including a turnover in the Communist Party’s top leadership in 2012.
As revolts began to ricochet through the Middle East and North Africa in 2011, and home-grown efforts to organize protests began to circulate on the Internet, the Chinese government tightened its grip on electronic communications, and appeared to be more determined than ever to police cell phone calls, electronic messages, e-mail and access to the Internet in order to smother any hint of antigovernment sentiment.
In the situation where govt is against any particular organisation it is very difficult to survive, but our study show that Google should keep patience and continue to work because due to evolving technology government will not able to control internet censorship for long. People in country is also demanding more freedom, more or less china is the biggest emerging market for internet user how any company can lose this potentially rich market.
Google and China: The Beginnings
• September 2000: Google introduces a Chinese version of its search engine at the Google. com domain. • September 2002: Access to Google’s site is completely blocked in China for about two weeks. It appears the domain name was hijacked and redirected — a move the Chinese government may have been behind. Soon thereafter, signs of restricted access and censored results begin to surface. Even the brainiest who got all of Google’s famously impossible interview questions right can’t quite figure out what’s going on. Google and China: The Censorship Begins
• January 2006: Google relents and launches Google. cn, a specialized version of its search site that filters out pornographic and ” politically sensitive” results. The company acknowledges that the filtering ” clearly compromises [its] mission,” but notes that ” failing to offer Google search at all to a fifth of the world’s population … [would do so] far more severely.” • March 2008: China blocks access to YouTube and Google News during riots in Tibet. It isn’t the first time China has blocked access to specific Google services, and it won’t be the last. • March 2009: Fast-forward one year, and YouTube gets the boot in China again. A Chinese official denies his nation is afraid of the Internet; a wisecracking writer suspects the Jonas Brothers
are really to blame. This ban, by most accounts, is still pretty much in place today. Google and China: The Tensions Climb
• June 2009: China finds some pornographic results in the Google. cn site and goes ballistic. (Those guys evidently never read this study about why porn is actually good for society.) The country blocks access to Google until the G-team wipes out every mention of the G-spot. • September 2009: The guy who ran the Google China operation since its inception steps down from his role. Analysts speculate that his departure might be a sign of broader problems between Google and the People’s Republic. Around the same time, satirists speculate that Apple is working with the Chinese government to form its own repressive business strategies. Google and China: Spiralling Out of Control
• January 12, 2010: Google announces that it will no longer censor search results in China following an attack on its servers in the country. The attack, Google says, targeted the Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists. ” These attacks and the surveillance they have uncovered … have led us to conclude that we should review the feasibility of our business operations in China,” Google explains in a blog posting. ” We have decided we are no longer willing to continue censoring our results on Google. cn. … We recognize that this may well mean having to shut down Google. cn, and potentially our offices in China.”
• January 14, 2010: China counters Google’s threat by saying if it wants to operate in the country, it will have to abide by local laws. Those laws include the requirement to filter (read: censor) search results. • January 14, 2010: Microsoft says it’ll continue operating in China, despite Google’s concerns position. Said news is not announced via Bill Gates’ Twitter account, as that account will not be activated until 1/19, silly. • January 18, 2010: Someone hacks into the Gmail accounts of foreign journalists at two Beijing news bureaus. This may or may not be related to the main attack, but its timing certainly doesn’t help with the tension.
• January 18, 2010: An unnamed source claims an employee of Google China may have been involved with the Cyber attacks in some way. • January 19, 2010: Google announces its postponing the release of two Android phones in China. Reports indicate the delay is related to the company’s ongoing talks with Chinese authority . • January 21, 2010: U. S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton lashes out against Internet censorship but Chinese continue to do so.
Google China is a subsidiary of Google, Inc. , the world’s largest Internet search engine company. Google China ranks as the number 2 search engine in the People’s Republic of China, after Baidu. In 2010, searching via all Google search sites, including Google Mobile, was moved from Mainland China to Hong Kong. HISTORY- founded in 2005 and was originally headed by Kai-Fu Lee. In 2005, a Chinese-language interface was developed for the google. com website. In Jan 2006, Google launched its China-based google. cn search page with results subject to censorship by the Chinese government.
In 2006 Beijing office was moved to Tsinghua Science Park. In march 2009 china blocks Google YouTube sites . In September 2009 Kai-Fu Lee announced his surprise departure Environment in which it working-In Jan 2010, Google announced that in response to a Chinese-originated hacking attack on them and other US tech companies, they were no longer willing to censor searches in China and would pull out of the country completely if necessary. On March 30, 2010, searching via all Google search sites (not only google. cn but all language versions, e. g. google. co. jp. google. com. au, etc. ), including Google Mobile, was banned in Mainland China.
Any attempt to search using Google resulted in a DNS error. Other Google services such as Google Mail and Google Maps appeared to be unaffectedOn June 30, 2010, Google ended the automatic redirect of Google China to Google Hong Kong, and instead placed a link to Google Hong Kong to avoid getting their Internet Content Provider (ICP) license revoked. Since announcing its intent to comply with Internet censorship laws in the People’s Republic of China, Google China had been the focus of controversy over what critics view as capitulation to the ” Golden Shield Project”.
Because of its self-imposed censorship, whenever people searched for prohibited Chinese keywords on a blocked list maintained by the PRC government, google. cn displayed the following at the bottom of the page (translated): In accordance with local laws, regulations and policies, part of the search result is not shown. Google critics in the United States claimed that Google China is a flagrant violation of the Google motto, ” Don’t be evil. “
On January 12, 2010, Google announced that it was ” no longer willing to continue censoring” results on Google. n, citing a breach of Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists. The company found that the hackers had breached two Gmail accounts but were only able to access ‘from’ and ‘to’ information and subject headers of emails in these accounts. The company’s investigation into the attack showed that at least 34 other companies had been similarly targeted. Among the companies that were attacked were Adobe Systems, Symantec, Yahoo, Northrop Grumman and Dow Chemical. On January 13, 2010, the news agency AHN reported that the U. S.
Congress plans to investigate Google’s allegations that the Chinese government used the company’s service to spy on human rights activists. The Chinese government has since made numerous standard and general statements on the matter, but has taken no real actions. It also criticized Google for failing to provide any evidence of its accusation Business- Google China serves a market of mainland Chinese Internet users that was estimated in July 2009 to number 338 million. This estimate is up from 45. 8 million in June 2002, according to a survey report from the CNNIC released on June 30, 2002.