China has the longest historical tradition in the world. The roots of human settlement go back to the early relics found from Homo Erectus that were dated back 1. 36 million years ago. Their agricultural history dates back to ancient millet radiocarbon dated to around 7000 BCE. Cliff carvings in Damaidi in Ningxia date back to 6000 -5000 BCE and are similar to written Chinese. From the early Xia Dynasty to the final Qing Dynasty It has not always been easy and peaceful. Dynasties rose and fell affected by outside and inside influences and domination. The people of China have revolutionary tradition.. The Ming Dynasty was founded by rebels led by Zhu Yuanzhang who over through the Mongols of the earlier Yuan Dynasties. They in turn lost leadership to the Qing Dynasty and outside influences.
Entering the Modern Era:
In the 20th century significant historical changes took place. Dr Yat-Sen led the revolution in 1911 that destroyed the old feudal monarchy and evolved into the Republic of China. Then the Communist Party of China with chairman Zedong as the leader united the Chinese people to overthrow the rule of bureaucrat capitalism, imperialism and feudalism tp gain victory for the democratic revolution that founded the People’s Republic of China. .
China in the Twentieth Century: 1900 to 1976
Chinese society made the transition from a new- democratic country to a socialist community after the People’s Republic was founded. China strengthened national security and national defense. Internally, China increased agricultural production and economic development; including cultural, educational and scientific undertakings. Under the guidance of Mao Zedong and Marxism-Leninism the citizens’ living standards improved. The Chinese Political Conference plays a significant role in the social and political life of the country and continues to work to modernize reunify China. China adheres to a foreign policy with a territorial integrity for peaceful coexistence and mutual benefit with people of other countries. The China’s Constitution is part of these efforts to uphold the dignity of the citizens and ensure that its goals are implemented.
The Cultural Revolution
Between 1965 and 1968 Chairman Mao used the cultural revolution to reassert his beliefs and convictions and to consolidate his power. He had led the country since 1950, and the “ Giant Leap Forward” did not revive the economy as he anticipated. To further his goals Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, also known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution . Instead of unifying the country as Chairman Mao had hoped it fractured it when the revolutionaries descended to infighting and almost collapsed the economy. When Mao died in 1976 his successor, Deng Xiaoping began reforms and launched a successful open door policy that resulted in economic growth and stability.
China in the Twentieth Century: After Chairman Mao’s Death in 1976
China in the Twenty First Century
In the 21st Century, China is moving into a premier place in global politics. Many nations see China a backwards and corrupt with people repressed by its totalitarian government. I is definitely one of the world’s greatest sources of pollution. China sees itself differently. They view their nation as poised to conquering the world economically and becoming one of the great business hubs. The truth is somewhere in between these two extreme views. In a global community where the business climate is changing as rapidly as the environmental climate China is indeed becoming one of the foremost economic powers. However, it is at the cost of the environment at a time of global warming when the European Union and other developed nations are increasingly shifting their own focus to sustainable practices. Russia, historically its ally, the United States, its rival and the mid-east as the global center for oil are suffering the same fates. China, in its efforts to move into a position of greater political power is emulating these superpowers in many of the wrong ways.
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